Presbyter and Doctor José Matías Delgado takes possession of the Administration and governance of the province of San Salvador (El Salvador) on November 28, 1821 and ruled until February 9, 1823.
José Matías Delgado was born in San Salvador on February 24, 1767, son of the Panamanian Pedro Delgado and the Guatemalan María Ana de León. His siblings were: Miguel and Juan Delgado.
He studied canyons and jurisprudence in Guatemala, where earned a doctorate. Returning to San Salvador, directed by Manuel José Arce the insurrectionary movement of November 5, 1811. Years later, he is counted among those who signed the Act of independence of 1821.
On November 28 of the same year, José Matías Delgado took over as chief civilian politician of San Salvador and convened a Board of Government consisting of Manuel José Arce, Juan Manuel Rodríguez (who then was head of State), José Miguel Castro, Juan Fornes, as well as Leandro, Basilio and Mariano Fagoaga.
On January 11, 1822, father José Matías Delgado, City Hall and numerous characters from the time protested by resolution of the Advisory Board of the Government of Guatemala joined to Central America to the Mexican Empire, so that San Salvador is separated from Guatemala, at the same time starting the fights against the annexation, which is named Manuel José Arce as Commander General of the Provincia of San Salvador 13 January 1822.
In June 1822, the Captain General de Guatemala Brigadier Vicente Filísola, under the orders of the Emperor Agustín de Iturbide of Mexico, writes Commander Arce to ask for accountability to the Mexican Empire. The Provincial Congress of San Salvador said on December 2, 1822 his desire to join us. United States, rather than the Mexican Empire.
February 9, 1823, Filisola enters with his army to San Salvador and declares annex to the Mexican Empire. Thus ended its Government Doctor José Matías Delgado and the first Governing Board. However, this character is appearing throughout the first years of Republican life, as a man of great activity and political influence.
Years later, Delgado protagonizaría the first international conflict of the nascent Republic, because of the appointment as Bishop who received not of the Church, but of the political authorities of El Salvador.
Emulating the old privileges of the Spanish Crown, the Assembly of El Salvador designated the priest as first bishop of San Salvador, on March 30, 1822. Because of the battles against the annexation, consolidation of the bishopric, the takeover was delayed until April 24, 1825. However, the appointment was rejected by the Archbishop, Monsignor Ramón Casaus and towers of Guatemala, arguing that Canon law had not been. Despite having been informed of the nomination by the same father Delgado, Casaus maintained its stance, complained to the Vatican, and sent a note to the Salvadoran clergy so they recognize the authority of the priest. Little speaks the way how the conflict ended, but the truth is that the religious withdrew from the Manager, not the political life of the emerging nation.
José Matías Delgado died in San Salvador on November 12, 1832.