The volcano of San Salvador is one of the most emblematic places of El Salvador; This giant of nature is located in the municipalities of Quezaltepeque, San Juan Opico, Colon and Santa Tecla in the Department of La Libertad and Nejapa in the Department of San Salvador; It can be seen from the capital of San Salvador and nearby city since it is located eleven kilometers from the center of the city.
The volcano covers an area of 110 square kilometres and is made up of three parts: A high Summit called El picacho (1, 960m), the central part or known as boqueron crater (1, 839m) and a third less prominent elevation to the northeast of the crater called the boar (1,397 m). There are also other small elevations which are other craters which are inactive and are known as: La Joya, door of the lagoon, sea of Chanmico, Boqueroncillo, Los Chintos, El Playón and Laguneta boiler. All of these craters are in a diameter of ten kilometers.
What’s your name?
Today is known by the name of Volcán de San Salvador, although in the past his name was Quezaltepeq or Quezaltepeque, a source name nawat which means Hill of the Quetzal. Some people also know him under the name of El Boquerón.
The volcano of San Salvador had its first eruptions at the end of the tertiary period and at the beginning of the Quaternary; It has erupted repeatedly in the last 70 thousand years through its central crater, as well as through fissures in its sides passing destruction in the surrounding areas, especially by caused earthquakes.
The first eruption of which have historical records happened in 1671.
The last recorded eruption was in 1917, specifically between the months of June and August and began slowly. Before that in the crater had a gap that was extinguished. The day when there was more a prominent rash was on June 6, 1917, when there was also a strong earthquake.
The eruption of 1917 destroyed almost completely on the capital and its lava covered a great expanse of land in its northern part, which is known as El Playón.
Today the volcano has very few signs of activity, so it is not considered a dead but sleeping volcano.
This volcano is also a tourist place. Since 2008, the Government of El Salvador founded the National Park El Boquerón including trails around the top of the crater, where it is possible to walk around its edge. South West part has a subtropical forest in which you can appreciate the beauty of the wildlife, as well as species of violets in the trunks of the trees.
Some tour operators offer tour by the volcano, where visitors descend to the bottom of the crater and then climb again. To do this, have a good physical condition and carry enough water is recommended. Return visitors take advantage of to see plantations of vegetables.