El Salvador national anthem

The National Anthem of El Salvador, which is popularly adopted as the national anthem, the September 15, 1879, was not officially recognized until the September 11, 1953, following a noisy controversy arose press for a few questions about it, and after which it was shown that the National Anthem of El Salvador was officially recognized another.

Indeed, the National Anthem of El Salvador was composed and written by artists Juan Aberle, Italian composer who came to the country in the late nineteenth century leading an Opera Company and General Juan José Cañas, inspired poet and distinguished military did Arms in the National Company against the filibusters, back in 1856. They composed recommendation of the President Dr. Rafael Zaldívar and was first sung in the old National Palace on September 15, 1879, for children and young people in schools official and private schools in the capital city. Three months had been studying school National Anthem of El Salvador, so that when they sang for the first time on that September morning, the impression was magnificent. both inspired poet, like the illustrious composer, had triumphed.

According to chroniclers of the time. The spacious courtyards of the National Palace were filled with a motley crowd, which jutted high officials, dressed in gala and distinguished elements of society, and townspeople. There were the President of the Republic, Dr. Rafael Zaldívar, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Dr. Cruz Ulloa; Secretary in the Office of Education Relations and head of the offices of Finance and War, Doctor Salvador Gallegos; Secretary in the Office of Interior, Doctor José C. López; the Secretaries of State, senior Army leaders, civilian officials, dignitaries of the clergy, etc.

This was not, however, the First National Anthem which was El Salvador. The first was composed between September and October 1866, by Dr. Tomas M. Muñoz, who wrote the lyrics, and composer Don Rafael Orozco, then Director of the Military Band who made the music. The Anthem was dedicated to the President at the time, Dr. Francisco Dueñas, who stated, dated October 8 of that year, “National Anthem” being sung and officially executed on January 24, 1867, when the retreat opposite the official residence of the president.

But this anthem composed specifically to flatter a ruler, was short-lived and leave the presidency Dueñas Doctor, did not turn to sing or run anywhere. But eating a patriotic song was necessary, was well as the President Zaldívar asked Aberle and Cañas artists to compose patriotic song that was.

The Anthem became popular very soon, and was recognized horn one of the most beautiful and inspired hitherto known patriotic songs. But, by an irony of fate, the ruler in whose administration was released, he forgot to declare “National Anthem” to place him in the category of Homeland symbol, and was adopted by the people, without any official declaration.

The competition presented by the Academy to the Legislative Assembly, dated June 10, 1953, it is said among other things: On arrival to power in June 1890, the General Carlos Ezeta, the national anthem of Reeds and Aberle let him sing and ruling instructed the Italian musician Cesare Giorgi-Vélez, the composition of a Hymn Guerrero, who exalted the popular mood. Thus was born the famous song with the name “EL SALVADOR FREE” officially recognized as the national anthem by decree of June 8, 1891. But as it happened 20 years to the fall of the government of Ezeta nobody came to sing the National Anthem, the composed by maestro Aberle and poet Cañas.

And is it still considered by tradition to National Anthem of El Salvador, who was not consecrated by official determination. So he came up to the year 1953 in a Salvadoran newspaper presented doubts about the “legal status” Anthem, doubts that provoked an interesting debate, which was concluded there Anthem known national, indeed, had no official consensus, which intervened Salvadoran Academy of History, that was remedied such oblivion.

“By submitting this application for consideration by the High Legislative Corps, do the Salvadoran Academy of History, expected to serve Honorable Representatives have her, so that the nation can sooner see high, by formal resolution, quality NATIONAL SYMBOL of the anthem that has so devoted so many years, which moved the patriotism of our grandparents and also moves us the most intimate of our heart fibers.

Based on this contest, the Legislative Assembly issued, dated December 11, 1953, a decree which is officially recognized as National Anthem, “which premiered at the Capital of the Republic on September 15, 1879 whose authors of music and lyrics were the teacher Juan Aberle and General Juan José Cañas, respectively, and which has been enshrined as such by the feeling of the Salvadoran people since the date of its creation. ”

Article 5 of this Decree leaves worthless hymns 1866 and 1891, recognized as official by executive agreements of October 8, 1866 and June 3, 1891, respectively.

National Anthem of El Salvador (Full)

Saludemos la Patria orgullosos
de hijos suyos podernos llamar;
y juremos la vida animosos
sin descanso a su bien consagrar.
De la paz en la dicha suprema,
siempre noble soñó El Salvador;
fue obtenerla su eterno problema,
conservarla es su gloria mayor.
Y con fe inquebrantable el camino
del progreso se afana en seguir,
por llenar su grandioso destino
conquistarse un feliz porvenir.
Le protege una férrea barrera
contra el choque de ruin deslealtad,
desde el día en que su alta bandera
con su sangre escribió:¡LIBERTAD!
Libertad es su dogma,
es su guía que mil veces logró defender;
y otras tantas, de audaz tiranía
rechazar el odioso poder.
Dolorosa y sangrienta es su historia,
pero excelsa y brillante a la vez;
manantial de legítima gloria,
gran lección de espartana altivez.
No desmaya en su innata bravura,
en cada hombre hay un héroe inmortal
que sabrá mantenerse
a la altura de su antiguo valor proverbial.
Todos son abnegados,
y fieles al prestigio del bélico ardor
con que siempre segaron laureles
de la patria salvando el honor.
Respetar los derechos extraños
y apoyarse en la recta razón es para ella,
sin torpes amaños,
su invariable, mas firme ambición.
Y en seguir esta línea se aferra
dedicando su esfuerzo tenaz,
en hacer cruda guerra a la guerra:
su ventura se encuentra en la paz.

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